Examination of Physical Competence Tests of Member Countries of the International Association of Gendarmeries and Police Forces with Military Status and a Model Proposal for Turkey

Main Article Content

Merve Cin
Nazif SAVRAN
Refik ÇABUK

Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the physical competence tests used in the recruitment of Gendarmerie personnel in the member countries of the International Association of Gendarmeries and Police Forces with Military Status (FIEP) and propose an physical competence test for Turkey


Material and Method: The physical competence tests employed by the countries within the FIEP in the recruitment of the Gendarmerie personnel were obtained from the official websites of the relevant countries.  The frequency distribution and percentage of physical competence tests divided into four different categories were calculated using the statistical analysis program SPSS 21.0 for WINDOWS©.


Results: It has been determined that most countries use multiple physical competence tests under at least two categories of physical competence tests. 83.3% of the countries prefer physical competence tests based on endurance, 66.7% sprint/power, 83.3% muscle strength endurance and 25% coordination/skill/balance biomotor abilities in the recruitment of gendarmerie personnel. It was determined that 91.7% of 12 countries prefer three or more physical competence tests. It was observed that 50% of the countries chose three out of four different physical test categories, and 33% chose two different physical test categories.


Conclusion: It is required that an ideal gendarmerie officer has aerobic endurance, anaerobic power, muscular strength, balance, coordination, agility and flexibility to execute their duties. Due to a large number of applications for the recruitment of the gendarmes, the accommodation needs of the candidates and economic reasons, the physical competence tests need to be carried out in a limited time frame. Thus, testing all seven physical abilities separately may not be applicable. It may be more appropriate to test physical fitness elements that are relevant when­ executing tasks that are more frequently encountered by the Gendarmerie. As a result of our study, we recommend the Turkish Gendarmerie to measure the coordination course endurance and strength capabilities. It is seen that the candidate will be eligible for a coordination course related to duties that the Gendarmerie may encounter, running distances between 1000m and 3000m for endurance and pull-up or push-up test for strength.


Keywords: Endurance, Gendarmerie, Physical Competence Tests, Strength

Article Details

How to Cite
Cin, M., SAVRAN, N., & ÇABUK, R. (2021). Examination of Physical Competence Tests of Member Countries of the International Association of Gendarmeries and Police Forces with Military Status and a Model Proposal for Turkey. Anatolia Sport Research, 2(1), 8-15. Retrieved from https://www.anatoliasr.org/index.php/asr/article/view/27
Section
Reserch Articles

References

Arma dei Carabinieri, Italy (2021, January 08). http://www.carabinieri.it/concorsi/area-concorsi

Beck, A. Q., Clasey, J. L., Yates, J. W., Koebke, N. C., Palmer, T. G. & Abel, M. G. (2015). Relationship of Physical Fitness Measures vs. Occupational Physical Ability in Campus Law Enforcement Officers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(8), 2340-2350.

Berria, J., Daronco, L. S. E. & Bevilacqua, L. A. (2011). Motor Fitness and Ability for The Work of Military Police of The Special Operations Battalion. Salusvita, 30(2), 89-104.

Billat, V., Renoux, J. C., Pinoteau, J., Petit, B. & Koralsztein, J. P. (1995). Times To Exhaustion at 90,100 and 105% of Velocity at V̇O2 max (Maximal aerobic speed) and Critical Speed in Elite Longdistance Runners. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, 103(2), 129-135.

Blacker, S. D., Carter, J. M., Wilkinson, D. M., Richmond, V. L., Rayson, M. P. & Peattie, M. (2013). Physiological Responses of Police Officers During Job Simulations Wearing Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Personal Protective Equipment. Ergonomics, 56(1), 137-147.

Bock, C., Stierli, M., Hinton, B. & Orr, R. (2016). The Functional Movement Screen as a Predictor of Police Recruit Occupational Task Performance. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 20(2), 310-315.

Bonneau, J. & Brown, J. (1995). Physical Ability, Fitness and Police Work. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 2(3), 157-164.

Carabineros, Chile (2021, January 04). https://html.gendarmeria.gob.cl/doc/escuela/admision_2017/Info_Ev_Fisica_GA2.pdf

Dawes, J. J., Lindsay, K., Bero, J., Elder, C., Kornhauser, C. & Holmes, R. (2017). Physical Fitness Characteristics of High vs. Low Performers on An Occupationally Specific Physical Agility Test for Patrol Officers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2808-2815.

Dawes, J. J., Orr, R. M., Siekaniec, C. L., Vanderwoude, A. A. & Pope, R. (2016). Associations Between Anthropometric Characteristics and Physical Performance in Male Law Enforcement Officers: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 28(1), 26.

Dempsey, P. C., Handcock, P. J. & Rehrer, N. J. (2013). Impact of Police Body Armour and Equipment on Mobility. Applied Ergonomics, 44(6), 957-961.

Evans, R., Reynolds, K., Creedon, J. & Murphy, M. (2005). Incidence of Acute Injury Related To Fitness Testing of US Army Personnel. Military Medicine, 170(12), 1005-1011.

Gendarmeria Nacional, Argentina (2021, January 08). https://www.argentina.gob.ar/sites/default/files/informacion_relacionada_a_las_etapas_del_proceso_de_incorporacion_20jul20.pdf

Gendarmerie Nationale, France (2021, January 08). https://www.lagendarmerierecrute.fr/content/search?activeFacets%5Binstallation%3AInstallation%5D=&form%5BSearchText%5D=%C3%89preuve%20Physique%20Gendarmerie%20&form%5Bsave%5D=&page=1

Gendarmerie Nationale, Senegal (2021, January 04). http://www.jo.gouv.sn/spip.php?article7958

Gendarmerie, Turkey (2021, January 08). http://www.tgf.gov.tr/tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/2020-Yili-JSGF-Ogrenci-Basvuru-Kilavuzu.pdf

Grant, S., Corbett, K., Amjad, A. M., Wilson, J. & Aitchison, T. (1995). A Comparison of Methods of Predicting Maximum Oxygen Uptake. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(3), 147-152.

Guardia Civil, Spain (2021, January 08). https://www.guardiacivil.es/es/institucional/serguacivil/ingresogc/ingresogc2.html#temario.

Guarda Nacional Republicana, Portugal (2021, January 08). https://dre.pt/home//dre/141382369/details/maximized

House PB. Amnesty International UK: Annual Report 2015.

Jandarmeria, Romania (2021, January 04). http://www.jandarmeriafalticeni.ro/aptitudinifizice.php

Kayihan, G., Özkan, A., Köklü, Y., Eyuboğlu, E., Akça, F., Koz, M. & Ersöz, G. (2014). Comparative Analysis of the 1-mile Run Test Evaluation Formulae: Assessment of Aerobic Capacity in Male Law Enforcement Officers Aged 20–23 Years. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 27(2), 165-174.

Knapik, J. J., Darakjy, S., Hauret, K. G., Canada, S., Scott, S., Rieger, W., ... & Jones, B. H. (2006). Increasing the Physical Fitness of Low-Fit Recruits before Basic Combat Training: An Evaluation of Fitness, Injuries, and Training Outcomes. Military Medicine, 171(1), 45-54.

Knapik, J. J., Harman, E. A., Steelman, R. A. & Graham, B. S. (2012). A Systematic Review of The Effects of Physical Training on Load Carriage Performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(2), 585-597.

Knapik, J. J., Hauret, K. G., Arnold, S., Canham-Chervak, M., Mansfield, A. J., Hoedebecke, E. L. & McMillian, D. (2003). Injury and Fitness Outcomes During Implementation of Physical Readiness Training. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 24(05), 372-381.

Knapik, J. J., Sharp, M. A., Canham-Chervak, M., Hauret, K., Patton, J. F. & Jones, B.H. (2001). Risk Factors for Training-Related Injuries Among Men and Women in Basic Combat Training. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 33: 946 –54

Koninklijke Marechaussee, The Netherlands (2021, January 10). https://werkenbijdefensie.nl/training

Kraschnewski, J. L., Sciamanna, C. N., Poger, J. M., Rovniak, L. S., Lehman, E. B., Cooper, A. B., ... & Ciccolo, J. T. (2016). Is Strength Training Associated With Mortality Benefits? A 15 Year Cohort Study of US Older Adults. Preventive Medicine, 87, 121-127.

Marins, E. F., Cabistany, L., Farias, C., Dawes, J. & Del Vecchio, F. B. (2020). Effects of Personal Protective Equipment on Metabolism and Performance During An Occupational Physical Ability Test for Federal Highway Police Officers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 34(4), 1093-1102.

Marins, E. F. & Del Vecchio, F. (2017). Health’s Patrol Program: Health Indicators from Federal Highway Policemen. Scientia Medica, 27(2), 25855.

Marins, E. F., David, G. B. & Del Vecchio, F. B. (2019). Characterization of The Physical Fitness of Police Officers: A Systematic Review. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 33(10), 2860-2874.

Molloy, J. M., Feltwell, D. N., Scott, S. J. & Niebuhr, D. W. (2012). Physical Training Injuries and Interventions for Military Recruits. Military Medicine, 177(5), 553-558.

National Council of the General Commanders of the Military Police and Military Fire Corps, Brazil (2021, January 09). https://www.pm.pa.gov.br/taf.html

National Guard, Ukraine (2021, January 10). https://ngu.gov.ua/ua/pryyom-na-viyskovu-sluzhbu

Ozkaya, O., Balci, G. A., As, H., Cabuk, R. & Norouzi, M. (2020). Grey Zone: A Gap Between Heavy and Severe Exercise Domain. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research.

Pope, R. P., Herbert, R., Kirwan, J. D. & Graham, B. J. (1999). Predicting Attrition in Basic Military Training. Military Medicine, 164(10), 710-714.

Sage, G. H. & Loudermilk, S. (1979). The Female Athlete and Role Conflict. Research Quarterly. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 50(1), 88-96.

Sarah, J., Gribbin, T. C., Lisman, P., Murphy, K. & Deuster, P. A. (2017). Systematic Review of The Association Between Physical Fitness and Musculoskeletal Injury Risk: Part 2—Muscular Endurance and Muscular Strength. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(11), 3218-3234.

Sherrard, J., Lenne, M., Cassell, E., Stokes, M. & Ozanne-Smith, J. (2004). Injury Prevention During Physical Activity in the Australian Defence Force. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 7(1), 106-117.

Shusko, M., Benedetti, L., Korre, M., Eshleman, E. J., Farioli, A., Christophi, C. A. & Kales, S. N. (2017). Recruit Fitness As A Predictor of Police Academy Graduation. Occupational Medicine, 67(7), 555-561.

Taylor, N. A., Peoples, G. E. & Petersen, S. R. (2016). Load Carriage, Human Performance, and Employment Standards. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(6), S131-S147.